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What is a Test Case?

Test Cases are a set of preconditions, inputs, actions (where applicable), expected results, and postconditions developed based on test conditions.

A Test case is an executable test case with the instructions a tester needs to perform.
It will have step-by-step instructions to verify the behavior of the action as it behaves like the expected one in the requirements.

Components of Test Case

In general, a Test case consists of the below components:

  • Test Case ID
  • Test Case Title
  • Description of the test case
  • Precondition
  • Test Steps
  • Expected Result

Test Case ID

This is a unique identifier of the test case in the product/project.

Test Case Title

A great test case should have a strong title. The title should have crisp information about what you are going to test.

Description of the Test Case

The description of what requirement is being tested in 2 to 3 lines. It should be easier to understand what the test case is trying to accomplish at the high level.

Preconditions

This includes any pre-requisite before moving towards the steps to test.

Test Steps

Test Steps are a sequence of steps needed to be followed to complete the test case execution.

Expected Result

The output of the test steps is defined as the expected result.

Best Practices to Write Test Cases

Best Practices to Write Test Cases

Best Practices to Write Test Cases

When the test cases are well written, then the execution will be seamless. When you go through the requirements, you have to think from the end user’s perspective to write the test cases.

Sharing a few best practices in writing the test cases:

  • The test case title should be short.
  • Keep your description as comprehensive.
  • Be clear & concise.
  • Include both the positive and negative test cases.
  • Align the expected result with the requirements.
  • Make your test cases reusable.
  • Get peer-reviewed.

Next, we are going to see a sample simple test case to understand it better. The test scenario is subscribing to a blog simply. The form will look like this:

Test Case ID Test Case Title Description Preconditions Test Steps Expected Result
TC0001 Verify with the valid email address Verify the blog subscription functionality with a valid email address. 1. Enter the valid email address.

2. Click Subscribe.

The email id should be subscribed to the mailing list.
TC0002 Verify with the invalid email address Verify the blog subscription functionality with the invalid email address. 1. Enter the invalid email address.

2. Click Subscribe.

The system should show the alert message as “Enter a valid email address.”
TC0003 Verify with the already subscribed email id. Verify the blog subscription functionality with the already subscribed mail id. The input mail id should be subscribed earlier. 1. Enter the email id john@test.com.

2. Click Subscribe.

3. Again, enter the same mail id john@test.com.

4. Click Subscribe.

The system should show the alert message as The email id “john@test.com” is already subscribed.
TC0004 Verify without entering any values Verify the blog subscription functionality without entering any value. 1. Without entering any values.

2. Click Subscribe

The system should show the alert message as “Enter a valid email address.”
TC0005 Verify with the special characters Verify the blog subscription functionality with the various special characters. 1. Enter the values with the special characters.

2. Click Subscribe.

The system should show the alert message as “Enter a valid email address.”

Benefits of Writing Test Cases

You may wonder why I should write the test cases and what are the benefits of that. The benefits of writing test cases are:

  • To ensure test coverage.
  • To improve the software.
  • To confirm the application matches the requirements.
  • To identify the gaps in the requirements.
  • To identify the usability issues.

Writing compelling test cases needs a little practice, and the knowledge of the application is being tested. Great documentation of the test cases plays a vital role in the testing process and save your time in the long run. By using QA Touch, you can manage and organize your test cases effectively.




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Bhavani R

Bhavani R

Bhavani is a Product Manager at DCKAP. She is also a Certified Scrum Product Owner, Certified Digital Product Manager, and Certified Software Test Manager which makes her a compelling asset. She profoundly holds 6 Sigma Green Belts and has also been a speaker at Guild 2018 conference. Lastly, she has a divine passion for testing, reading, blogging, and cooking.

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