Quality assurance is the process of evaluating a system by applying proper process across the system, in order to provide confidence that an appropriate level of quality will be achieved. Quality Assurance helps the software development team to recognize the problems early by performing rigorous testing, in order to guarantee a quality product to the end-user.
So Who performs this role?? With no startle “Quality Analyst ” is the one…
The software quality analyst is an individual who is responsible for applying the principles and practices of software quality assurance throughout the software development life cycle.
QA is a pivotal part of a Software development process, as they test and assess the quality of the software in order to reduce the risk of software failure in operation.
As John Ruskin says, “Quality is never an accident; it is always the result of intelligent effort”
The QA analyzes and executes the products in all possible logical way for a quality product, As the Software testers do not make software; they make them better. So a QA performs testing where they evaluate the functionality of a software application with an intent to find whether the developed software is defect-free.
But testing is not the only part of QA, they inspect whether the software follows all business requirements, functionality offering an easy and secure user interface that facilitates effortless workflows for the end-users.
Different Roles in the Quality Assurance Team:
- The Quality Assurance Analyst, who execute and evaluate the system and document tests and the status to the QA lead
- The QA lead works with creating test plans, test management, monitoring the quality delivery on schedule and leading a test team.
- Then comes the QA manager position, at this level the QA manager works closely between client, Business analyst, Development Lead and Test team to ensure the final product has the highest quality.
Roles and responsibilities of QA :
- Test planning- Which involves activities of defining the objectives of testing and the approach for meeting test objectives.
- Create a test strategy based on project requirements and schedules.
- Conducting early testing to eliminate defects at early state reducing the bug fixing cost and time.
- Executing tests with appropriate techniques (manually or by using test execution tools) and document testing failures.
- Analyze the Defects and identify the root cause.
- Troubleshoot defects, such that it does not affect the product quality
- Report defects to software developers by Recording software defects with bug tracking system (e.g Bugzilla, mantis, QA Touch, etc)
- Inform the test progress against schedules to the management
- Interact with BA, project manager, development team and client as per need.
- Conduct different test techniques and report issues and follow-up on the status of the issues
- Collaborate with the development team to assess or diagnose problems and suggest possible solutions.
- Monitor and analyze the performance using tools for efficient and problem-free operations.
- Uncover vulnerabilities in the system and determine that its data and resources are protected from intruders.
- Offers Test summary report reflecting the level of quality of the software under test.
- Manage the entire testing activity with different Test management tools (eg. QA Touch)
QA tests the proficiency of the product in all aspects by evaluating them using testing techniques. QA is an important factor for software development as they help to provide a quality and reliable product to the end-user.
The demand for faster delivery to the market made “Quality” as “team accountability”. This drives testers to do beyond the planning and execution of the tests, which Leads the future of QA with predominant factors such as Agile, Artificial Intelligence (AI), Codeless automation testing.